Intrauterine Vascular Growth Retardation in 150 Cases at Ehs Nouar Fadela: Preliminary Results

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  •   Bouabida Djamila

  •   Zelmat Setti Aouicha

  •   Belalaoui Izdihar

Abstract

Intrauterine growth retardation represents the third cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality after prematurity and malformations. This pathology is a real public health problem.


Objectives: To determine the epidemiological profile of IUGR newborns, their morbidity and mortality, their immediate fate and to evaluate the correlation between certain maternal parameters and IUGR.


Methods: This is a descriptive and analytical study conducted between January 2012 and January 2014, the results were processed on software 3.5.3 Epi info.


Results: We recorded 8114 deliveries including 150 newborn IUGR cases, representing 1.8% of births. For the maternal characteristics: the average age was 31 ±6.7 years. The percentages of pre-eclampsia, gravidic hypertension and chronic hypertension were found respectively in 60%, 31.3% and 4.7% of the pregnant women. Prematurity was noted in 82.1% with an average gestational age of 35.2 ±2.7 years. 86% of the cases were extracted by the high route right away. Neonatal complications were dominated by perinatal asphyxia (5%), hypoglycaemia (4%) and respiratory distress (2%).


Conclusion: Efforts remain to be made in terms of screening, prenatal consultations and management of pregnant women with IUGR in order to improve the neonatal prognosis.


Keywords: Growth retardation, hypertension, hypoglycemia

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How to Cite
Djamila, B., Aouicha, Z. S., & Izdihar, B. (2022). Intrauterine Vascular Growth Retardation in 150 Cases at Ehs Nouar Fadela: Preliminary Results. European Journal of Clinical Medicine, 3(4), 14–16. https://doi.org/10.24018/clinicmed.2022.3.4.201